effect. When humans understand cause and effect, they make scientific discovery. They
make knowledge. When humans make choices based on knowledge, they make
inventions. They make technology. Time-binders are the creators of knowledge and
technology. When knowledge is incorporated into matter-energy, it becomes a tool.
Humans are above all else toolmakers. Most of our knowledge is embedded in our tools.
Human knowledge grows continuously and without limit. As we incorporate our
evermore powerful knowledge into tools. We produce evermore powerful tools.
to the next generation. Both animal and human offspring begin their lives in nearly total
ignorance. The differences that exist between them are small, but what advantage in
knowing that does exist belongs clearly to the animal. While the animal seems to begin life
with a greater store of inherited knowing, it possesses little ability to learn from its
parents. The animal is condemned to rediscover over and over, every generation must
discover anew the knowings of its parents. The wise old owl may know a great deal, but
he has no way to pass what he knows to his offspring and they have no way to receive it.
We humans are very different in that respect. We can and do pass our knowing from one
generation to the next. Alfred Korzybskiexplains:
them — I mean the capacity to summarise, digest and appropriate the labors and
experiences of the past; I mean the capacity to use the fruits of past labors and
experiences as intellectual or spiritual capital for developments in the present; I
mean the capacity to employ as instruments of increasing power the accumulated
achievements of the all-previous lives of the past generations spent in trial and
error, trial and success; I mean the capacity of human beings to conduct their lives
in the ever increasing light of inherited wisdom; I mean the capacity in virtue of
which man is at once the inheritor of the by-gone ages and the trustee of posterity.
And because humanity is just this magnificent natural agency by which the past
lives in the present and the present for the future, I define HUMANITY, in the
universal tongue of mathematics and mechanics, to be the TIME-BINDING
CLASS OF LIFE."42
everywhere. It is in all that activity that we so innocently call progress. It is the very motor
of obsolescence. It is imbedded in just about every thing associated with humans and yet
most humans are unaware of the very power that makes them human. We humans
catalogue and store our various knowings in libraries, universities, colleges, data banks,
and information services. We store our knowing in many formats — books, tapes, films,
movies, newspapers, magazines, video, microfilm, photos, computer files, etc., etc., etc.
We are time-binders and the mark of human power is everywhere.
the the power of space-binding— mobility and the ability to think wholistically,and the
power of energy-binding— conversionof plant and animal tissue to organic chemical
energy, growthand organizationof energy.
how to be mobile. And also on the ability to control the energy which we will need to
power our movement. We must have adequate energy stored so that we can release it at
the proper moment to adapt to our environment.
fundamental laws which are natural for this class of life. A stone obeys the natural
laws of stones; a liquid conforms to the natural law of liquids; a plant, to the
natural laws of plants; an animal, to the natural laws of animals; it follows
inevitably that there must be natural laws for humans."43
lives are finite, but human knowledge is not. Humans discovered control of fire ~1.5
million years ago,and it has been in daily use since then. Humans invent the wheel ~5500
years ago and its use is everywhere today. Because humans pass their knowledge to their
descendants, in a sense, collective human life is not limited. Understanding is not limited.
Knowledge is not limited. Technology is not limited. Quality of human life based on
knowledge and technology is not limited.
cellular organization. Each of us has approximately 40 trillion cells organized within our
bodies. These cells are related synergically, each acting in a highly co-Operative way.
Our ability to invent and to understand new ways of doing things creates a new
possibility forco-Operationwhich does not exist in the world of the plants and animals.
loses. The negotiation to insure that all parties are helped and no party is hurt.
Similar words are uniting, banding, combining, concurring, conjoining, and leaguing.
Individuals who cooperate are affiliates, allies, associates, or confederates.
is not what I mean. Co-Operation in synergic relationship means operating togetherto
insure awin-win outcome.
accomplish a task beyond his individual abilities.
during the lifting. You would negotiate to insure the win — to insure being helped. The
conversation might go like this: "Are you ready?""Ok.""Ready, 1.. 2.. 3.. lift!"
"Whoops! Set it down."
win — and to insure that neither individual loses.
of lions and within the hyena pack. Human co-Operation is a much more powerful
mechanism. Animals have no voice with which to negotiate. Their primitive cooperation
is guided by instinct, and it is quick to breakdown into the fighting and flighting of the
humans are also a dependent class of life. So adversary behavior comes to humans
legitimately. But we humans are much more intelligent than the animals and that
intelligence gives us options other than fighting or flighting.
possible to a life form with symbolic intelligence — to a life form with a voice and with
language. On this planet that means synergic relationships are available only to humans.
Synergic relationship means sometimes I depend on otherand sometimes other depends
on me. Synergic relationship makes humans theinterdependent class of life —
interdependent on eachother. Today, synergic relationship exists only within small
groups of humans. Often within families, occasionally within some partnerships and small
businesses. Today, there are no examples of institutionalized synergy. Today, there are no
behave synergically, they seek their goals and needs as allies rather than as competitors.
Human intelligence is most useful when we humans think of ways where all parties can
win and where there is no need for losers. Synergic relationships can produce all-win
scenarios. And when humans begin to co-Operate wonderful things can begin to happen.
When we analyze synergic relationships, we find that (1+1)>2,frequently it's much more
examine the plants microscopically, we find that each plant is organized to work together,
every cell contributing to the integrity of the whole plant. But the whole plant is more
than an accumulation of vegetable cells. But at the macroscopic level the plant is neutral.
It has no relationship with other plants.
microscopically they are synergically organized. Their organelles are synergized into
cells, their cells are synergized into tissues, their tissues are synergized into organs, their
organs are synergized into the organism-as-a-whole. Every cell interacting synergistically
with every other cell. But for space-binders this is where synergy stops. The space-binder
is behaviorally an adversary — the opposite of synergy. The intelligence of space-binding
is inadequate to allow space-binders to organize themselves into a synergic community.
The lion kills the zebra with no thought of the effect of the community of animals as a
the result of innocence. He sees himself as the only "whole". As for the rest of his world
there is only good space or bad space. He lives the life of true dependence. If he is to eat,
he must make a kill. If he is to drink, he must locate the water hole. If he is to have shelter,
he must secure it.
level we have to choose to act synergically. Today most of our relationships are adversary
or neutral, but we humans have the synergic option denied to the plants and animals. In
synergic relationship, (1+1)>2, (1+1) can be 25. In synergic relationship (1+1+1+1) can
Four young musicians named, John, Paul, George, and Ringo form a group in England in
the 1960's. If we add up their separate individual musical abilities, (1+1+1+1),we would
expect it would equal 4. But when the Beatles perform in synergy they break the rules of
Newtonian logic with their joining, for the Beatles — (1+1+1+1) equaled hundreds of
stopped performing together and returned to being individuals, their earnings as
individuals dropped off dramatically despite their high separate activity. Forbes
Magazine ranked THE BEATLES #5 on its list of the 40 top earners in the field of
entertainment for 1996/1997. Although, they disbanded in 1979, their music earned
royalties totaling $98,000,000.00. eighteen years later.
analyzing and summing the parts. What made the Beatles so very very special cannot be
found by analyzing John, Paul, George, or Ringo as separate musicians.
space-binders, & time-binders.
awareness and control of space, and. Humans adapt through their awareness and control
possess the power of space-binding which is mobility and some of the power of energy-
binding. Humans possess the power of time-binding which is understanding, and some of
the power of space-binding and energy-binding.
The natural law of animals is Adversity — they hurt other.
The natural law of humans is Synergy — they help other.
avoid being hurt.
parties win and no party loses. The negotiation to insure that all
parties are helped and no party is hurt.
also be broken down further into categories related to otherand self.
To form friendships & associations.
cooperate with a leader. To admire &
willingly follow a leader.
excite, amuse, stir, shock, or thrill others.
blame or belittlement. To justify one's
opinion of other.
from physical danger.
To parent a child.
other. To be aloof & indifferent.
amuse, have fun.
with other. To reproduce or procreate.
focus on physical sensations or feelings.
protection. To Cry for help.
meaning in life.